Tips for Safe Drinking Water
Drink plenty of water but avoid bottled water when you can. It pollutes the environment and is often nothing more than tap water. When you must use bottled water, choose brands with high EWG transparency scores (clear labeling) and advanced treatment. Read EWG researchers’ top tips to learn more about how to stay hydrated while reducing your exposure to common drinking water pollutants.
Tap water — learn what’s in it.
Tap water suppliers publish all their water quality tests. Bottled water companies don’t. Read your annual tap water quality report. Look up your city’s water in EWG’s National Tap Water Atlas (www.ewg.org/tap-water). (Private well? Get it tested.)
Filtered tap water — drink it, cook with it.
- Choose a filter certified to remove contaminants found in your water: www.ewg.org/tap-water/getawaterfilter. Effectiveness varies — read the fine print.
- Carbon filters (pitcher or tap-mounted) are affordable and reduce many common water contaminants, such as lead and byproducts of the disinfection process used to treat municipal tap water.
- If you can afford it, install a reverse osmosis filter to remove contaminants that carbon filters can’t eliminate, such as chromium-6, arsenic and perchlorate (rocket fuel).
Filters — change them.
Change your water filters on time. Old filters aren’t safe – they harbor bacteria and let contaminants through.
Bottled water — drink filtered tap water instead.
You can read the bottle label and still not know whether the water is pure or just processed tap water. EWG found 38 contaminants in 10 popular brands.
On the go — carry water in safe containers.
Hard plastic bottles (#7 plastic) can leach a harmful plastics chemical called bisphenol-A (BPA) into water. Carry stainless steel or other BPA-free bottles. Don’t reuse bottled water bottles. The plastic can harbor bacteria and break down to release plastics chemicals.
While pregnant — stay hydrated with safe water.
It’s especially important for women to drink plenty of water during pregnancy. Follow all the tips above and take your doctor’s advice on how much to drink.
For infants — use safe water for formula.
Use filtered tap water for your baby’s formula. If your water is not fluoridated, you can use a carbon filter. If it is, use a reverse osmosis filter to remove the fluoride, because fluoridated water can damage an infant’s developing teeth. If you choose bottled water for your infant, make sure it’s fluoride-free. Learn more at www.ewg.org/babysafe.
Breathe easy — use a whole house water filter.
For extra protection, a whole house carbon filter will remove contaminants from steamy vapors you and your family inhale while showering and washing dishes. Effectiveness varies widely – call the manufacturer for details.
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Does fluoride in drinking water hurt your brain?
Published August 22, 2012 | FoxNews.com
Back in 2011, the EPA reversed course and lowered the recommended maximum amount of fluoride in drinking water due to data that the levels then being allowed put kids at risk of dental fluorosis–streaking and pitting of teeth due to excessive fluoride, which also puts tooth enamel at risk.
This conclusion was a discordant note amidst all the accolades fluoride had won, starting with the discovery during the 1940s that people who lived near water supplies containing naturally occurring fluoride had fewer cavities in their teeth. A massive push ensued, with government and industry encouraging cities and towns to add fluoride to water supplies.
Now, questions about the impact of fluoride on mental health are growing and can no longer be ignored.
A recently published Harvard study showed that children living in areas with highly fluoridated water have “significantly lower” IQ scores than those living in areas where the water has low fluoride levels. In fact, the study analyzed the results of 27 prior investigations and found the following, among other conclusions:
* Fluoride may be a developmental neurotoxicant that affects brain development (in children) at exposures much below those that cause toxicity in adults.
* Rats exposed to (relatively low) fluoride concentrations in water showed cellular changes in the brain and increased levels of aluminum in brain tissue.
Other research studies in animals link fluoride intake to the development of beta-amyloid plaques (the classic finding in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s dementia).
And research on fluoride also has implicated it in changing the structure of the brains of fetuses, negatively impacting the behavioral/neurological assessment scores of newborns and, in animal studies, impairing memory.
This information is very important, from a psychiatric standpoint, because we have witnessed rising rates of attention deficit disorder, major depression, dementia and many other psychiatric illnesses since the 1940s, and because the United States (which fluoridates a much higher percentage of its drinking water than most countries, including European nations) has some of the highest rates of mental disorders in the world–by a wide margin.
It is not clear, of course, that fluoride is responsible wholly, or even in small measure, for these facts, but the connection is an intriguing one, especially in light of the new Harvard study.
Given the available data, I would recommend that children with learning disorders, attention deficit disorder, depression, attention-deficit disorder or other psychiatric illnesses refrain from drinking fluoridated water, and consult a dentist about the most effective way of delivering sufficient fluoride to the teeth directly, while minimizing absorption by the body as a whole–and the brain, specifically.
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Ohio to survey arsenic in water
A government-led effort to find Ohio’s arsenic “hot spots” in groundwater is taking its first steps in Licking County.
State and county health officials plan to hand out sample bottles to residents at a Tuesday-night workshop and offer free lab tests to determine whether the poisonous metal is in their well water.
The test results will serve a broader public need, providing the U.S. Geological Survey and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency with information on where arsenic could pose a health threat.
“We’re trying to fill in our understanding of which parts of the state and which settings are most vulnerable for arsenic,” said Mary Ann Thomas, a geological survey hydrologist.
Officials say they hope the public can help tailor a statewide program in which Ohioans pitch in to identify where this hazard exists. A second workshop is scheduled for Aug. 14.
“What most people aren’t aware of is at lower levels, it’s not an acute poison, but it can be a chronic one,” said Bob Frey, the health-assessment chief at the Ohio Department of Health.
People who drink water contaminated with arsenic for years are at higher risk of developing skin, liver, bladder and lung cancers. In 2001, the U.S. EPA lowered its safe drinking-water standard for arsenic from a concentration of 50 parts per billion to 10 parts per billion.
Frey said the EPA would have lowered the safe concentration to 0 parts, but arsenic is so common in water across the United States that it would be impossible to get rid of all of it. Under certain chemical conditions, arsenic can leak into groundwater from soil and minerals. read complete article…
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